A Native Hawaiian getting ready to surf the waves of Waikiki while wearing a “malo“.
Two Native Hawaiians practicing “Iua”, their form of wrestling.
Two dancers of an Asian-Pacific American Islander group showcasing traditional Hawaiian dances.
Davey, F. (2011, October 17). The lone Hawaiian surfer wearing the malo at Waikiki Beach carries one of the last Alaia surf board. The surfer was Charles Kauha. Frank Davey photographed Charles Kauha in 1898 in numerous poses, but none are of Kauha surfing, Lone Alaia Board Surfer [Photograph] Retrieved February 28, 2017, from https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Native_Hawaiians&filefrom=Kinimaka%2C Hannah Keolaokalaau Allen%0AHannah Keolaokalaau Allen Kinimaka.jpg#/media/File:Lone_Alaia_board_surfer.jpg
Whitney, C. (2014, December 8). Two Hawaiian men practicing lua, the native Hawaiian form of wrestling, Hawaiian Iua [Photograph]. Retrieved February 28, 2017, from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Native_Hawaiian_sports#/media/File:Hawaiian_lua_(1899).jpg
Texas Military Department, & Nigrelle, M. (2015, May 17). Hawaiian Kona Isla Performers showcase traditional Hawaiian dance for Texas Guardsmen during an Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month ceremony held at Camp Mabry in Austin, May 17, 2015. The Texas Military Forces recognizes the the achievements and contributions to Texas and the United States by Asian Americans, Pacific Islanders and Native Hawaiians. (Texas National Guard photo by Army Capt. Martha Nigrelle/ Released), TXMF Asian American Pacific Islander Heritage Month Celebration 2015 [Photograph]. Retrieved February 28, 2017, from https://www.flickr.com/photos/texasmilitaryforces/18677643252/in/photolist-ustNBW-ustHgf-ut6QwK-tw3KZX-t6yGTb-t2frUb-sCcXd9-snZHvx-si3EFZ-rZDz2X-rwUMFw-rbzaZx-romU6h-rob4ar-rnYe1y-r5uh7P-rmPdeB-r1GjBr-qof9Tn-qkQjH2-r1bkA2-rdJTrd-qWgMPQ-qV3qze-raTVGz-qcrYJY-qMBegp-r3dxUX-qQTurd-pNfHYA-pW8Kr6-pW1ep5-pTkqEa-pTaWaq-qauWVF-qauWDP-pdFLtj-q9X9Z5-q9iLnL-pZeCFu-pDqCXT-oTYsHP-pQLZkB-oTYsoa-oTHoih-ptN6Q6-pDCxNU-pBBMJY-pnaSuN-pawxfp
The main subject in the first article, “Selling Hawaiian Culture”, are tourists and how they affect the Hawaiian culture and traditions. Native Hawaiians are outnumbered by Japanese, Chinese, Americans who tour the island all-year long. Native Hawaiians try to create an authentic atmosphere for tourists by showcasing luaus or wearing native traditional clothing in public. The main subject in the second article are Native Hawaiians. The U.S government allowed Hawaiian Natives to form their own government if they wanted to. This would allow the Hawaiians to create a judicial system that is different from the United States. The author of the first article, Jocelyn Linnekin, is a professor at the University of Connecticut. She has a Ph.D in Anthropology and is an expertise on the Pacific Islands, Latin America, and the Caribbean. Although the article is out-of-date, I still consider the information in the article to important to my research. The Author is addressing the general public who wonder how tourists are affecting native Hawaiian traditions. I believe that the information is factual and valid since I experienced living in Hawaii for 2 years. Her ideas are very similar to other articles I read on other websites. Jocelyn Linnekin identifies my group as Native Hawaiians, and the author’s point of view is objective since she gets right to the point. The author of the Second article, Merrit Kennedy is a journalist and reporter for a news website called NPR. Unlike Linnekin, Merrit Kennedy has no background of anthropology. The article doesn’t seem out of date since it was published last year and she addresses the general audience about the Hawaiian government. The information is factual and the information appears valid. The ideas are in line with other news articles and the author’s view is objective.
Linnekin, J. (1982, September). Selling Hawaiian Culture Cultural Survival Quarterly Magazine. Retrieved from https://www.culturalsurvival.org/publications/cultural-survival-quarterly/selling-hawaiian-culture
Kennedy, M. (2016, September 23). Native Hawaiians Now Have A Pathway To Form A Government The two-way. Retrieved from http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/09/23/495212183/native-hawaiians-now-have-a-pathway-to-form-a-government
The indigenous group that I am interested in and want to learn more about are the Kanaka Maoli, also known as Native Hawaiians. The Kanaka Maoli live across all the islands of Hawaii. There are eight main islands of Hawaii. There’s Hawaii, also known as the big island, Maui, Kaho’olawe, Lanai, Moloka’i, O’ahu, Kaua’I and Ni’ihau. I want to learn more about the Native Hawaiians because I lived on the island of O’ahu for two years. I only visited one other island which was Kaua’I. Some of my friends told me that they were native Hawaiians. I would always be amazed whenever they would talk in Hawaiian or tell me some of their traditions at home or when greeting family. I remember having trouble pronouncing their first or last names since it was so unique. One possible tourist activities associated with Native Hawaiians are luaus. Originally named ‘aha’aina, luaus are known for celebrations such as a wedding or birthday. There would be special foods at luaus such as roasted pig, fish, and rice. Another tourist activity that are associated with Native Hawaiians is surfing. Native Hawaiians didn’t see surfing as a sport as we see it today. They saw surfing as a recreational activity. Hawaii is known for their beautiful beaches and big waves. This attracts many tourists to come to Hawaii who love surfboarding. The third possible tourist activity that are associated with Native Hawaiians is Cliff Diving. Native Hawaiians would impress women by jumping off cliffs and into the water just to show how brave they are. There are many cliff diving locations since Hawaii is surrounded by water.
This is a map of all the Hawaiian Islands where the Kanaka Maoli (Native Hawaiians) lived.
This is a map of O’ahu where the capital of Hawaii, Honolulu, is located
When I hear the term global tourism, I imagine people traveling to other cities or countries that have beautiful scenic views. Sometimes people travel because they want to know more about a different culture and their traditions or learn a new language. This is what makes global tourism fun and exciting. Since I grew up in a military family, I gotten the chance to experience many different traditions from different countries. Three of my favorite indigenous groups that interested me were people who live in the Philippines (Filipinos), indigenous people who live in Hawaii (Hawaiians), and people who live in Korea (Koreans). The Philippine islands are located in South East Asia near the Pacific Ocean. They are different from Hawaiians and Koreans since Filipinos were conquered by the Spanish. I visited the Philippines plenty of times since my whole family is mostly Filipino. One “single story” is that people believe that Filipinos have one main language, which is Tagalog. In reality, there are over 170 different Filipino dialects used in the country today! Another “single story” is that I hear about my country is that ALL Filipinos are Catholic. Although it is true that the Spanish did bring Catholicism to the Philippines, some Filipinos can be Muslim or Protestant. Hawaiian Islands are located in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. They are mostly considered to be pacific islanders. There are many “single stories” that I’ve heard about Hawaiians while I was living in Hawaii. One “single story” is that Hawaiians are happy with the changes of their island due to the influences of American culture. Although this can be true, I learned that Hawaiians were forced to give up their land to the English. In other words, Hawaiians were forced to live on an island with American influences, rather than living on old Hawaiian traditions. Another “short story” is Hawaiians can be mean or rude. This is not true. I have enjoyed their hospitality and kindness while I was living on the island of Oahu. Korea is located on the east coast of Asia. They are different from Filipinos and Hawaiians due to their skin color and languages I haven’t heard many “short stories” about Koreans than I did with Filipinos and Hawaiians. Two short stories that I’ve heard is that Koreans are picky with their food and that it is hard for them to learn English.